Clothes Dryer Diagnostic Guide

 

Clothes Dryer Troubleshooting Diagnostic Guide

Use the diagnostic chart to find out what is causing the problem with your clothes washing machine. Look up the symptom, and then review some of the possible causes. Follow the links from the possible causes to facilitate the tutorials on how to repair the problem.

 

Symptom

 

Click on underlined items for further course information

 

Dryer Venting & Installation Guidelines

      Check for  Brands

Laundry Tutrorials-Library #D

Clothes Dryer Tutorials

Search For manuals

Manuals online
Use & Care Guide

Most repairs to dryers(depend on brand) require that you remove the top and front (not the backor sides) to access the parts.

  Vent Fire              Courtesy of InterNACH

Searches:

To how to install an exterior dryer vent.

Proper installation of dryer vent

How to attach dryer vent hose

Install dryer duct

 

INSTALLING DRYER PROPERLY VERY IMPORTANT

The leading causes of home clothes dryer and washer fires is failure to   clean (32%), followed by unclassified mechanical failure or malfunction (22%). Eight percent were caused by some type of electrical failure or malfunction.

  • All dryer ducting must be a minimum of 4" in diameter. Clean, unobstructed, frictionless ducts encourage air flow efficiency,quickens drying times, adds longevity toclothing's life,and reduces utility bills.

  • Flexible transition hose between the dryer and the wall outlet  should be either the foil type or the aluminum flexible duct (most preferred). Do not use the plastic or vinyl. Concealed ducting must be rigid metal (galvanized or aluminum) duct.  Duct joints should be installed so that the male end of the  duct points direction of the airflow. Joints should be secured with metal tape (not duct tape). Do not use rivets or screws   in the joint or anywhere else in the  duct as these will encourage lint collection. Length  of rigid metal ducting should  not exceed 35 feet (25' for IRC). Deduct 5 feet from the allowable length for every 90 degree elbow,and two and a half feet for every 45 degree fitting (the Dryer-Ell is an exception under 2006 IRC).These lengths may vary per local codes and dryer manufacturers recom  mendations. The maximum length  of a clothes dryer exhaust duct shall not exceed 25 fee t (7,620 mm) the dryer location to the wall or roof termination. The maximum length of the duct shall be reduced 2.5 feet or each 45-degree  (0.8 rad) bend, and 5 feet (1,524 mm) for each 90-degree (1.6 rad) bend. The maximum length of the exhaust duct does not include the transition duct. Dryer venting shall be independent of any other systems (chimneys  or exhaust vents). Courtesy of InterNACH                                                                                                         Small orifice metal screening should not be part of the hood or  roof jack as this will catch lint and block the opening in a very short time. The hood opening should point down and exhibit 12 inches of clearance between the bottom of the hood and the ground or other obstruction. Tip to make it easier to attach Aluminum Flex: Flatten aluminum flex with pipe like dough roller, click here to see image, then check  out this video for some great tips. The importance of proper dryer venting can scarcely be overstated. From Dryer Vent Safety.  (InterNACHI).         

 

 Dryer does not work at all

  Check for a blown fuse or tripped circuit breaker

    Electric Shock can cause injury or death

warning-img.pngNever assume the electricity is off. Before servicing an electrical device, disconnect it from its electrical source either by unplugging the appliance, or turning off the power at the breaker fuse box. Mark   the service panel with a note so that no one will restore power while you are working. After turning off  the power to the circuit, test the circuit to be certain that there is no power before attempting service.



  • Make sure the dryer is plugged in securely                                      
  • Test the power outlet for voltage / Use a voltmeter
  • Inspect the electrical cord for damage 
  • Eliminate use of an extension cord, if any is being used
  • Check the outlet voltage / by voltage meter
  • Test the door switch / For broken actuator / Test continuity
  • Test the start switch / Test continuity
  • Test the thema fuse / *Test continuity of fuse
  • Test the thermostats / *Test continuity
  • Test the timer Control / *Test for power in and out 
  • Test the motor /* test for power to 

 

Dryer tumbles, but there is no heat

  1.  Admiral  - see: Maytag
  2. Amana
  3. Frigidaire Stackable  Dryer
  4. GE
  5. Hotpoint
  6. Kenmore-Sears
  7. Magic Chief - see Maytag
  8. May Tag - see Maytag
  9.  Maytag Newer Model see Whirlpool
  10. Whirlpool - Dryer
  11. Whirlpool - Duet Dryer
  12. Whirlpool - Newer Model
  13. Sears - see Kenmore
  14. Speen Queen

 

  • Check for proper air flow
  • Test the safety fuse or thema fuse / *Test continuity of fuse
  • Test the thermostats / *Test continuity of fuse
  • *Test the timer Control /  *Test for power in and out 
  • Test the centrifugal switch of motor 
  • Test the heating element / *Test continuity

Laundry Tutorials-Library #D

Clothes Dryer Tutorials

Basic Electricity Instructionals   
Major Appliances Electrical FundamentalsUnderstanding Electricity, Test Instruments

        Dryer takes too long

     Checking air flow & venting hose

  • There are over 15,500 fires caused every year by dryer vents.

  • If it takes more than one cycle to dry, you need to clean your dryer vent.

  • Dryer vents clogged with lint can cause dryers to work longer and harder, resulting in excess energy costs of $18 to $24 per month.

  • Clean the lint filter regularly to avoid a risk of fire.

While your dryer is still running, and before you disconnect its power supply, place your hand over the exterior vent while it is running. You should be able to feel a strong air flow. If the air flow is weakened at all, check the following areas:

  • Airflow restriction

  General Trips: 

Airflow restriction is the problem cuasing long drying times. The ducting could be to long causing lint to build-up inside of ducting. Lint than will collect mouster causing a back pussure build-up, thus clothing will stay wet. 

Fabric-sheet film buid-up on the lint filter what causes dryer units to catch fire and potentially burn the house down." The best way to avoid these problems, is to take that filter out and wash it with hot soapy water and an old toothbrush (or other brush) at least every six months.

The duct can caked with lint. And once it is caked with lint can soak uo the mositer become wet. This because all that water that came out of the wet laundry had to go somewhere, if it doesn't making it all the way outside. Stayinf inside the dryer, clothing or ducting, itcan become so wet that water will dripping out of the duct at the joints, getting into the wood(wood-rot) and the back of the drywall, where it will start to grow black mold. All of this danmage can add up to $10,00o dollars.

Occasionally wipe the sensor with a soft cloth or cotton ball and rubbing alcohol to keep it functioning accurately. Sensors are usually located on  the inside of the dryer, just below the door opening, and can be hard to find. They are usually two curved metallic strips, shaped somewhat like   the letter "C"."


  • Check the lint trap & vent or ducting / clean out ducting or replace
  When rplacing ducting DO NOT USE VINYL PLASTIC DUCTING- FIRE HAZARD
  • Check for proper air flow

  • Inspect the vent ductinf for kinks or dips / Dryer could be push back on the  ducting causing airflow restriction

  • Test the heating element / *Test continuity

  • Test the thermostats /  *Test continuity 
    Proper ducting below

    General Information from http://www.consumerreports.org

"Improper dryer vents are a much bigger and more common safety problem.   Here   are a few tips to keep your clothes dryer running safely and efficiently.

  • Use metal dryer ducts to help prevent dryer fires. Consumer Reports says that flexible  dryer ducts made of foil or plastic are the most problematic because they can sag and   let lint build up at low points. Ridges can also trap lint.  Metal ducts, either flexible or  solid, are far safer because they don't sag, so lint is less likely to build up. In addition, if a fire does start,a metal duct is more likely to contain it. See our dryer venting safety report for more tips as well as photos and a dryer-venting video.
  • No matter which kind of duct you have, you should clean it regularly. In addition, remove the visible lint from the lint screen each time you use  your dryer. This not only will reduce the risk of a fire, but your clothes will dry faster and your dryer will use less energy. If dryer film is a worry, there is certainly no harm in occasionally cleaning the lint filter with warm soapy water and a small brush.

  • Clean inside, behind, and underneath the dryer, where lint can build up.

  • Take special care drying clothes stained with volatile chemicals such as gasoline, cooking oils, cleaning agents, or finishing oils and stains. Wash the clothing more than once to minimize the amount of these chemicals on the clothing, and line dry instead of using a dryer.

  • Avoid using liquid fabric softener on all-cotton clothing made of fleece,  terry cloth, or velour. In our flammability tests, liquid fabric softener added to rinse water accelerated the burning speed of these fabrics. If you want a softener, use dryer sheets instead.

  • Buy dryers that use moisture sensors rather than ordinary thermostats to end the  auto-dry cycle. Thermostats can allow the dryer to run longer than necessary.

  1. Amana
  2. Frigidaire Stackable  Dryer
  3. GE
  4. Hotpoint
  5. Kenmore-Sears
  6. MayTag
  7. Whirlpool - Calypso
  8. Whirlpool - Duet
  9. Dryer drum does not tumble

 

Drum Not turning, here the motor going

Laundry Tutorials-Library #D

Clothes Dryer Tutrials

 

 


  • Check the drum belt
  • Check the idler pulley
  • Check Drum surport rollers
  • Test the motor /  *Check for power to
           

    Dryer overheats

Laundry Tutorials-Library #D

Clothes Dryer Tutorials


  • Check the lint trap & vent or ducting / See: Proper venting Use metal dryer ducts to help prevent dryer fires. 
  • Check for proper air flow  / Not properly vented
  • Check the thermostat /  *Test for continuity 

   Dryer will not stop automatically

Laundry Tutorials-Library #D

Clothes Dryer Tutorials


  • Test the timer control*
  • Test the moisture sensor  / *Test for continuity 
  • Test the thermostats  /  * Test for continuity 
  • Check the lint trap & vent or ducting

   Dryer is noisy

  1. Admiral  - see: Maytag
  2. Amana
  3. Frigidaire Stackable  Dryer
  4. GE
  5. Hotpoint
  6. Kenmore-Sears
  7. Magic Chief - see Maytag
  8. May Tag - see Maytag
  9.  Maytag Newer Model see Whirlpool
  10. Whirlpool - Dryer
  11. Whirlpool - Duet Dryer
  12. Whirlpool - Newer Model
  13. Sears - see Kenmore
  14. Speen Queen
  • Level the dryer / usually not a problem

  • Check the drum belt - See all Brand / If belt is cracking

  • Check the drum support rollers - Most Brand

  • Check the idler pulley - See: all Brands

  • Check the glides - See: All brands

  • Check drum bearings  - SEE: General Electric Brands

  • Check the blower  - See:MayTag / If Blower spins freelyn on motor shaft replace

  • Check the baffles / coins caught under or inside the baffles, remove coins and  reinstall baffles

 

Light won't turn on


  • Replace the bulb
  • Test the door switch / SEE: *Test for continuity

   Dryer give clothes a bad odor

General Trips:

Check washer or clothes befor put   inside washer. CLEAN OUT POCKETS

  • Check for proper air flow

  • Check the lint trap & vent or ducting

  • Remove odor producing items from the proximity of the dryer
  • Check for dead rodets in side of dryer 

  Clothes are damaged or stained

   General Trips:

Usually item brought in to the drying load, such as nuts left in side the pockets or cosmetics

  • Check the baffles for cracks or damage, or missing

  • Check the front and rear seals

  • Check the drum for rust or damage

             Learn to use  Multimeters  

multimeter.gif

*Continuity test is the checking of an electric circuit to see if current  flows in  a solanold, contact is made inside a switch or motor winding are good.(that it is in fact making a complete circuit). A continuity test is performed by devices that can  be used  to perform continuity tests include multimeters which measure current  and specialized continuity testers which are cheaper, more basic devices, generally with  a simple light bulb that  lights up when current flows. SEE: Electrial Fundamentals Course 

When a bad motor winding cannot be found by a physical inspection, many times  an ohmmeter may show that there is a defective winding. Read more: How to Test Electric Motor Windings Ohmmeter usages. While the ohmmeter may not show potential failures, it can be used to determine if the windings are good or bad.

 

 

      Whirlpool Duet Dryer

duet-dryer

 

 

Whirlpool Test Code

 

  Diagnostic Instruction

  1. To check a Whirlpool Duet dryer's power cord is plugged completely into a working outlet. The dryer should not be in a cycle while you're performing diagnostics testing, and the indicator lights should not be illuminated.
  2. Locate the "More Time" and "Less Time" push buttons on the control console. These buttons are to the right of the selector switch and under     the "Estimated Time Remaining" display screen.
  3. Press and release the buttons in the following sequence within five  seconds: "More Time," "Less Time," "More Time" and "Less Time".
  4. Check that all of the indicator lights are illuminated and the "Estimated Time Remaining" display shows "88." If one or more of the lights are not illuminating,  there is an issue with the unlit component or the circuit board